The effects of chlamydia in women

Chlamydia can spread to other reproductive organs causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID: see below). This can lead to long-term pelvic pain, blocked fallopian tubes, infertility and ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy that occurs outside the womb).

The effects of chlamydia in men

Chlamydia can lead to a painful infection in the testicles and possibly reduced fertility. It is thought that in some men it might cause the prostate to become inflamed.

The effects of chlamydia in both men and women

Inflammation or swelling of the joints can occur, sometimes called Reiter's Syndrome or Sexually Aquired Reactive Arthritis (SARA). This is rare and occurs more in men than in women.

The eye's can be infected with chlamydia causing irritation, swelling and reddening in and around the eye. This is known as chlamydial conjunctivitis.

Definition: Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease describes any infection of the reproductive organs of a woman.

It occurs when bacteria (germs) travel up through the cervix and uterus (womb) and then spread inwards to the fallopian tubes, ovaries and surrounding tissues in the pelvis. The most common serious infection is that of the tubes – this is called salpingitis.

A pelvic infection can be either acute, which causes sudden severe symptoms, or chronic, which gradually produces milder symptoms.